Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Metabolism. 2005 Jul;54(7):866-75.

Effects of diet and/or exercise on the adipocytokine and inflammatory cytokine levels of postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
Department of Exercise Science, Syracuse University, NY 13244, USA.

Abstract

This study examined the independent and combined effects of diet and exercise on adipocytokine and inflammatory cytokines in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes. Using a randomized, controlled design, 33 women (age, 50-70 years) were assigned to diet alone (D), exercise alone (EX), or diet + exercise (D + E) for 14 weeks. Before and after the interventions, blood samples for adipocytokines and inflammatory markers were drawn, a meal test was performed, and abdominal fat distribution was measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Body weight decreased approximately 4.5 +/- 0.6 kg ( P < .05) after the D and D + E interventions, whereas only small changes in body weight were found with the exercise-alone intervention. Plasma C-reactive protein levels were decreased by approximately 15% with all 3 interventions, whereas leptin levels were reduced with the D and D + E intervention (D: pre = 48.7 +/- 6.0, post = 38.9 +/- 5.0 ng/mL; D + E: pre = 38.5 +/- 6.0, post = 22.9 +/- 5.0 ng/mL; P < .05) with no differences between groups. There was a trend for leptin levels to decrease in the EX group ( P = .06). Plasma resistin levels were not altered by the 3 interventions from pre- to posttreatment (D: pre = 6.9 +/- 0.6, post = 6.2 +/- 0.4 ng/mL; D + E: pre = 5.6 +/- 0.6, post = 5.7 +/- 0.4 ng/mL; E: pre = 6.2 +/- 0.6, post = 5.9 +/- 0.6 ng/mL, P > .05), and no differences in adiponectin and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- alpha ) levels were found. Visceral adipose tissue and tumor necrosis factor alpha were the only predictors of calculated insulin resistance ( P < .05), explaining 43% of the variability. A typically prescribed weight loss program with lifestyle changes resulted in few changes in adipocytokines and inflammatory cytokines in older women with type 2 diabetes, suggesting that dramatic weight loss or clinical interventions are needed.

PMID:
15988694
DOI:
10.1016/j.metabol.2005.01.033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center