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Langmuir. 2004 Jun 22;20(13):5189-91.

Synthesis of gold nanoparticles from an organometallic compound in supercritical carbon dioxide.


This article presents the synthesis of gold nanoparticles in a single-phase supercritical fluid carbon dioxide solvent. The gold nanoparticles were formed by the reduction of triphenylphosphine gold(I) perfluorooctanoate with dimethylamineborane. Transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and UV-vis spectroscopy reveal the formation of gold nanoparticles of 1 nm in diameter. A high dispersion stability of the gold nanoparticles in supercritical carbon dioxide can be obtained by binding both triphenylphosphine and fluorocarbon ligands on the surface of the gold nanoparticles.


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