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J Neuroradiol. 2005 Mar;32(2):97-108.

[Endovascular treatment of unruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Departement de Neuroradiologie Interventionelle, Fondation Ophtalmologique Rothschild, 25 rue Manin, 75019 Paris. josericardovanzin@hotmail.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Middle cerebral artery aneurysms (MCA) often present an unusual anatomical feature for the endovascular treatment and are frequently sent to surgery. We report our experience in the endovascular treatment of unruptured MCA aneurysms and compare it with results from the neurosurgical literature.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In this retrospective study were included all patients with unruptured MCA aneurysms treated in our institution between November 1998 and December 2003. 3D imaging was performed in all cases to determine precisely the relationship between aneurysm and parent artery. The degree of occlusion of the aneurysms was estimated according to Raymond's classification. The neurological state was evaluated according to the Rankin scale and was re-evaluated at the time of each follow-up.

RESULTS:

Eighty four patients with 100 aneurysms were analysed. Ninety aneurysms were treated by endovascular approach. Nine aneurysms were sent to surgery, after 3D imaging analyses or failed endovascular treatment. In one patient, related to the aneurysm configuration, a conservative attitude has been adopted. Four giant aneurysms were treated by parent vessel occlusion and 86 aneurysms were selectively occluded. The remodelling technique with balloon was performed in 58.1% of cases. Eight patients presented a new neurological deficit. The deficit was transient in six cases, and permanent in 2 cases. There was no mortality in this series. In 86 aneurysms selectively treated, there were 87.2% good results (grades A and B). Seventy one aneurysms (82.5%) treated were controlled between 3 and 58 months with a 19.6 months average. Recurrences were observed in 25.3% of cases. They were major in 9.8% and retreatment was performed.

CONCLUSION:

We report the feasibility of the endovascular treatment of MCA aneurysms previously estimated untreatable. Per procedural 3D imaging and remodelling technique were fundamental tools in the management of these aneurysms.

PMID:
15984401
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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