Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Kidney Dis. 2005 Jul;46(1):94-101.

Effect of spironolactone on blood pressure and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in oligo-anuric hemodialysis patients.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Renal Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Through its actions on nonepithelial tissues, including brain, blood vessels, and heart, aldosterone may mediate hypertension, cardiac hypertrophy, and fibrosis. Whether aldosterone has a direct pathogenic role in the development of cardiovascular complications in patients with end-stage renal disease is unknown. Oligo-anuric dialysis patients provide a clinical setting to study the effects of the mineralocorticoid receptor blocker spironolactone that are independent of the diuretic properties of the drug. We performed a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover study to assess the effect of spironolactone on blood pressure and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in oligo-anuric hemodialysis patients.

METHODS:

Eight hemodialysis patients were administered either spironolactone, 50 mg, or placebo orally twice daily for 2 weeks, followed by a 3-week washout period, after which patients crossed over in their treatment arms for 2 more weeks.

RESULTS:

Administration of spironolactone for 2 weeks decreased predialysis systolic blood pressure from 142.0 +/- 19.6 to 131.4 +/- 18.2 mm Hg (P < 0.05). Compared with placebo, a 2-week course of spironolactone had no effect on predialysis and postdialysis plasma potassium or aldosterone concentrations or renin activity.

CONCLUSION:

When administered for 2 weeks, spironolactone, 50 mg twice daily, reduced predialysis systolic blood pressure, but did not produce hyperkalemia in oligo-anuric hemodialysis patients.

PMID:
15983962
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center