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Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2005 Jul;11(7):495-505.

A phase I/II study of mycophenolate mofetil in combination with cyclosporine for prophylaxis of acute graft-versus-host disease after myeloablative conditioning and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation.

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1
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109-1024, USA. rnash@flcrc.org

Abstract

Abstract In a phase I/II study, the combination of cyclosporine (CSP) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was investigated as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis after myeloablative conditioning and hematopoietic cell transplantation from an HLA-matched sibling donor. In phase I, 3 groups, each with 10 or 11 patients, received MMF (15 mg/kg) from day 0 to day 27 at decreasing dose intervals of every 12, 8, and 6 hours to determine a safe and effective total daily dose. At the 45 mg/kg/d dosage level, 4 of 11 patients developed only grade II GVHD, and a concentration at steady state of mycophenolic acid (the active moiety of MMF) consistent with a therapeutic range described for solid-organ transplantation was achieved. There was a suggestion of increased toxicity without improved efficacy at the 60 mg/kg/d dosage level. Accordingly, the 45 mg/kg/d dosage was therefore selected for phase II, and another 15 patients were added to this group from the phase I study (n=26). The concentrations at steady state for this dosage at days 0, 6, 13, 20, and 27 were 2.73, 3.02, 3.20, 2.62, and 2.64 microg/mL, respectively. No toxicities were attributed to MMF at this dose. The median time to engraftment after hematopoietic cell transplantation was 15 days (range, 10-20 days). The incidence of acute GVHD was 62%, which was comparable to a group of historical controls receiving CSP and methotrexate (MTX) for GVHD prophylaxis. Although a significant improvement in the prevention of GVHD was not suggested, compared with CSP and MTX, MMF in combination with CSP could be considered in cases in which MTX is contraindicated.

PMID:
15983549
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbmt.2005.03.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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