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Diabetes Care. 2005 Jul;28(7):1624-9.

Web-based care management in patients with poorly controlled diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Hypertension, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effects of web-based care management on glucose and blood pressure control over 12 months in patients with poorly controlled diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

For this study, 104 patients with diabetes and HbA(1c) (A1C) > or =9.0% who received their care at a Department of Veterans Affairs medical center were recruited. All participants completed a diabetes education class and were randomized to continue with their usual care (n = 52) or receive web-based care management (n = 52). The web-based group received a notebook computer, glucose and blood pressure monitoring devices, and access to a care management website. The website provided educational modules, accepted uploads from monitoring devices, and had an internal messaging system for patients to communicate with the care manager.

RESULTS:

Participants receiving web-based care management had lower A1C over 12 months (P < 0.05) when compared with education and usual care. Persistent website users had greater improvement in A1C when compared with intermittent users (-1.9 vs. -1.2%; P = 0.051) or education and usual care (-1.4%; P < 0.05). A larger number of website data uploads was associated with a larger decline in A1C (highest tertile -2.1%, lowest tertile -1.0%; P < 0.02). Hypertensive participants in the web-based group had a greater reduction in systolic blood pressure (P < 0.01). HDL cholesterol rose and triglycerides fell in the web-based group (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Web-based care management may be a useful adjunct in the care of patients with poorly controlled diabetes.

PMID:
15983311
PMCID:
PMC1262644
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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