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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2005 Nov;37(11):2357-65.

Oncostatin M induces proliferation of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

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Department of Physiology and The Medical Research Institute, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan 602-739, Republic of Korea.


Interleukin-6 (IL-6) subfamily of cytokines, including oncostatin M (OSM), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), and IL-6, has been implicated in a variety of physiological responses, such as cell growth, differentiation, and inflammation. In the present study, we demonstrated that both OSM and LIF stimulated the proliferation of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hATSCs), however, IL-6 had no effect on cell proliferation. OSM treatment induced phosphorylation of ERK, and pretreatment with U0126, a MEK inhibitor, prevented the OSM-stimulated proliferation of hATSCs, suggesting that the MEK/ERK pathway is involved in the OSM-induced proliferation. Treatment with OSM also induced phosphorylation of JAK2 and JAK3, and pretreatment of the cells with WHI-P131, a JAK3 inhibitor, but not with AG490, a JAK2 inhibitor, attenuated the OSM-induced proliferation of hATSCs. Furthermore, OSM treatment elicited phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT3, and pretreatment with WHI-P131 specifically prevented the OSM-induced phosphorylation of STAT1, without affecting the OSM-induced phosphorylation of ERK and STAT3. These results suggest that two separate signaling pathways, such as MEK/ERK and JAK3/STAT1, are independently involved in the OSM-stimulated proliferation of hATSCs.

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