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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Jul 5;102(27):9589-94. Epub 2005 Jun 23.

IL-6 trans-signaling via STAT3 directs T cell infiltration in acute inflammation.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry and Immunology, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, Wales, United Kingdom.


Interleukin (IL)-6 signaling through its soluble receptor (IL-6 transsignaling) directs transition between innate and acquired immune responses by orchestrating the chemokine-directed attraction and apoptotic clearance of leukocytes. Through analysis of mononuclear cell infiltration in WT and IL-6-deficient mice during peritoneal inflammation, we now report that IL-6 selectively governs T cell infiltration by regulating chemokine secretion (CXCL10, CCL4, CCL5, CCL11, and CCL17) and chemokine receptor (CCR3, CCR4, CCR5, and CXCR3) expression on the CD3+ infiltrate. Although blockade of IL-6 trans-signaling prevented chemokine release, chemokine receptor expression remained unaltered suggesting that this response is regulated by IL-6 itself. To dissect the signaling events promoting T cell migration, inflammation was established in knock-in mice expressing mutated forms of the universal signal-transducing element for IL-6-related cytokines gp130. In mice (gp130Y757F/Y757F) deficient in SHP2 and SOCS3 binding, but presenting hyperactivation of STAT1/3, T cell recruitment and CCL5 expression was enhanced. Conversely, both of these parameters were suppressed in mice with ablated gp130-mediated STAT1/3 activation (gp130DeltaSTAT/DeltaSTAT). T cell migration was related to STAT3 activity, because monoallelic deletion of Stat3 in gp130(Y757F/Y757F) mice (gp130Y757F/Y757F:Stat3+/-) corrected the exaggerated responses observed in gp130Y757F/Y757F mice. Consequently, STAT3 plays a defining role in IL-6-mediated T cell migration.

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