Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Oral Oncol. 2005 Jul;41(6):589-95. Epub 2005 Apr 14.

A phase II study of docetaxel and cisplatin as first-line chemotherapy in patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Oncology, The University of Hong Kong, PB-115, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China. dttchua@hkucc.hku.hk

Abstract

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of docetaxel and cisplatin as first-line chemotherapy in patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Nineteen previously untreated metastatic NPC patients received one to six cycles of docetaxel and cisplatin. Fifteen patients received at least three cycles. The starting dose was 75 mg/m2 every three weeks for both drugs in 15 patients, and 60 mg/m2 for both drugs in four patients. All patients were included in toxicity and survival analysis, and 16 patients were evaluable for response. Median follow-up time was 11.6 months. Hematological toxicity was severe with Grade 4 neutropenia in 78.9% patients and 51.3% cycles. Febrile neutropenia occurred in 42% patients and 12.5% cycles, with two septic deaths in the population treated with 75 mg/m2. Patients treated with a dose subsequently reduced to 60 mg/m2 had a lower incidence of Grade 4 neutropenia and no incidence of neutropenic fever/sepsis. Overall response rate was 62.5%, with a 95% confidence interval of 35-85%. Partial and complete response rates were 56.3% and 6.3%, respectively. Median time to progression was 5.6 months and median survival was 12.4 months. Three patients (15.6%) survived >2 years following chemotherapy. The combination of docetaxel and cisplatin is active in metastatic NPC. The dose of 60 mg/m2 for both drugs without colony-stimulating factor support should be further evaluated as a high incidence of febrile neutropenia was observed with 75 mg/m2 dose.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center