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J Bacteriol. 1992 Jun;174(12):4086-93.

Attachment sites for bacteriophage P2 on the Escherichia coli chromosome: DNA sequences, localization on the physical map, and detection of a P2-like remnant in E. coli K-12 derivatives.

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Department of Microbial Genetics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


Integration of bacteriophage P2 into the Escherichia coli genome involves recombination between two attachment sites, attP and attB, one on the phage and one on the host genome, respectively. At least 10 different attB sites have been identified over the years. In E. coli C, one site, called locI, is preferred, being occupied before any of the others. In E. coli K-12, no such preference is seen (reviewed in L. E. Bertani and E. W. Six, p. 73-143, in R. Calendar, ed., The Bacteriophages, vol. 2, 1988). The DNA sequence of locI has been determined, and it shows a core sequence of 27 nucleotides identical to attP (A. Yu, L. E. Bertani, and E. Haggård-Ljungquist, Gene 80:1-12, 1989). By inverse polymerase chain reactions, the prophage-host junctions of DNA extracted from P2 lysogenic strains have been amplified, cloned, and sequenced. By combining the attL and attR sequences, the attB sequences of locations II, III, and H have been deduced. The core sequence of location II had 20 matches to the 27-nucleotide core sequence of attP; the sequences of locations III and H had 17 matches. Thus, the P2 integrase accepts at least up to 37% mismatches within the core sequence. The E. coli K-12 strains examined all contain a 639-nucleotide-long cryptic remnant of P2 at a site with a sequence similar to that of locI but that may have a different map position. The P2 remnant consists of the C-terminal part of gene D, all of gene ogr, and attR. Locations II, III, and H have been located on Kohara's physical map to positions 3670, 1570 to 1575, and 2085, respectively.

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