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J Pediatr. 2005 Jun;146(6):738-43.

Prevalence of overweight in children with developmental disorders in the continuous national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES) 1999-2002.

Author information

1
University of Massachusetts medical School, Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA. Linda.bandini@umassmed.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the prevalence of overweight in children identified with developmental disorders on the basis of nationally representative survey data.

STUDY DESIGN:

We estimated the prevalence of overweight in children with developmental disorders on the basis of a recent large nationally representative survey. The continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002 included 4 questions to identify children with developmental disorders. Height and weight were used to calculate body mass index (BMI). BMI percentiles were estimated relative to the age- and sex-specific Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth reference. The 85th percentile BMI defined at-risk-for-overweight and the 95th percentile BMI defined overweight.

RESULTS:

We found a higher prevalence of at-risk-for overweight and overweight among children with limitations in physical activity and a higher prevalence of overweight in girls with learning disabilities, compared with children without these conditions, after adjustment for age and race-ethnicity.

CONCLUSION:

To the extent that children with developmental disorders are included in large representative surveys, the data suggest that children with developmental disorders have a risk for overweight that is at least as great as that of typically developing children.

PMID:
15973309
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2005.01.049
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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