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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2005 Jul;87(7):984-5.

Elective Caesarean section is associated with a reduction in developmental dysplasia of the hip in term breech infants.

Author information

1
Department of Neonatology, National Maternity Hosptial, Dublin, Ireland. lowryclodagh@hotmail.com

Abstract

We wished to establish whether delivery by Caesarean section influenced the incidence of developmental dysplasia of the hip in term breech infants compared with those delivered vaginally. We used maternal charts, singleton term breech presentation, mode of delivery and incidence of developmental dysplasia of the hip for births between January 1997 and October 2002. During the study period 46 089 infants were born. We analysed a total of 941 breech infants of whom 756 were delivered by Caesarean section (515 pre-labour, 241 intrapartum) and 185 vaginally. The incidence of developmental dysplasia of the hip according to the mode of delivery was 19 of 515 (3.69%) following pre-labour Caesarean section, 16 of 241 (6.64%) for intrapartum Caesarean section and 15 of 185 (8.11%) after vaginal delivery. There was a lower incidence of developmental dysplasia of the hip among those infants delivered by elective Caesarean section compared with those delivered vaginally (p < 0.02). These results demonstrate a significantly lower incidence of developmental dysplasia of the hip in term singleton breech births delivered by elective, pre-labour Caesarean section and suggest that labour and delivery influence hip stability in predisposed infants.

PMID:
15972916
DOI:
10.1302/0301-620X.87B7.16073
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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