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Nucleic Acids Res. 2005 Jun 21;33(11):3540-9. Print 2005.

Matrix metalloproteinase-1 up-regulation by hepatocyte growth factor in human dermal fibroblasts via ERK signaling pathway involves Ets1 and Fli1.

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Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.


In this study, we clarified the molecular mechanism(s) underlying the regulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 gene by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in cultured human dermal fibroblasts. HGF induced MMP-1 protein as well as mRNA at a transcriptional level via extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway. The region in the MMP-1 promoter mediating the inducible responsiveness to HGF, defined by the transient transfection analysis of the serial 5' deletion constructs, contained an Ets binding site. Mutation of this Ets binding site abrogated the HGF-inducible promoter activity. Ets1 up-regulated the expression of MMP-1 promoter activity, whereas Fli1 had antagonistic effects on them. After HGF treatment, the protein level and the binding activity of Ets1 was increased and those of Fli1 was decreased, which were canceled by PD98059. These results suggest that HGF up-regulates MMP-1 expression via ERK signaling pathway through the balance of Ets1 and Fli1, which may be a novel mechanism of regulating MMP-1 gene expression.

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