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J Immunol. 2005 Jul 1;175(1):501-8.

Oxidized phospholipids negatively regulate dendritic cell maturation induced by TLRs and CD40.

Author information

1
Institute of Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

Maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) induced by pathogen-derived signals via TLRs is a crucial step in the initiation of an adaptive immune response and therefore has to be well controlled. In this study, we demonstrate that oxidized phospholipids (ox-PLs), which are generated during infections, apoptosis, and tissue damage, interfere with DC activation, preventing their maturation. ox-PLs blocked TLR-3- and TLR-4-mediated induction of the costimulatory molecules CD40, CD80, CD83, and CD86, the cytokines IL-12 and TNF, as well as lymphocyte stimulatory capacity. CD40 and TLR-2-mediated cytokine production was also inhibited, whereas up-regulation of costimulatory molecules via these receptors was not affected by ox-PLs. Thus, formation of ox-PLs during the course of an inflammatory response may represent a negative-feedback loop preventing excessive and sustained immune reactions through regulating DC maturation.

PMID:
15972685
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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