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In Silico Biol. 2005;5(1):5-8.

Who tangos with GOA?-Use of Gene Ontology Annotation (GOA) for biological interpretation of '-omics' data and for validation of automatic annotation tools.

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EMBL Outstation-European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, UK.


The number of large-scale experimental datasets generated from high-throughput technologies has grown rapidly. Biological knowledge resources such as the Gene Ontology Annotation (GOA) database, which provides high-quality functional annotation to proteins within the UniProt Knowledgebase, can play an important role in the analysis of such data. The integration of GOA with analytical tools has proved to aid the clustering, annotation and biological interpretation of such large expression datasets. GOA is also useful in the development and validation of automated annotation tools, in particular text-mining systems. The increasing interest in GOA highlights the great potential of this freely available resource to assist both the biological research and bioinformatics communities.

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