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Cell Cycle. 2005 Jul;4(7):854-6. Epub 2005 Jul 28.

Targeted gene delivery by intravenous injection of retroviral vectors.

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Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, UCLA AIDS Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.


Specifically and effectively directing a therapeutic gene to its intended site of action is a critical issue for translation of basic genomics to clinical gene therapy. Delivering gene therapy vectors to specific cells or tissues through intravenous injection is the most desirable method for this purpose. In 2001, we reported successful targeted gene transduction in vitro utilizing both oncoretroviral and lentiviral vectors pseudotyped with a chimeric Sindbis virus envelope (ZZ SINDBIS). However, these pseudotypes mediated nonspecific gene transduction to liver and spleen in vivo. To address this problem we generated the modified ZZ SINDBIS (termed m168) with significantly less nonspecific infectivity. To investigate the ability of m168 pseudotyped lentiviral vector to mediate targeted gene transduction in vivo, we utilized a metastatic tumor model by using mouse melanoma cells engineered to express human P-glycoprotein. We administered the m 168 pseudotyped vector conjugated with anti-P-glycoprotein antibody into the mice intravenously to target metastatic melanoma. The m168 pseudotyped vector selectively infected metastatic melanoma cells demonstrating successful targeted gene transduction in vivo. Targeting technology based upon m168 can be further modified for application not only to cancer but also potentially to genetic, neurologic, infectious and immune diseases, thereby expanding the future application of gene therapy.

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