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Int J Med Microbiol. 2005 Jun;295(2):87-98.

Identification of laminin-binding motifs of Yersinia pestis plasminogen activator by phage display.

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Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Medical School, University of Pécs, Szigeti ut 12, H-7624 Pécs, Hungary.


Yersinia pestis plasminogen activator (Pla), a surface virulence factor contributes to the highly invasive nature of the pathogen by binding various tissue matrix components. In this study we characterised the laminin-binding site(s) of Pla via phage display and alanine-scanning mutagenesis. Previously we isolated 18 different heptamer peptide sequences from a phage display library with biopanning on laminin, and have shown that two of them with sequences of WSLLTPA or YPYIPTL completely inhibited laminin binding of a Pla-expressing recombinant Escherichia coli strain. These phages themselves strongly bound laminin in an ELISA assay utilising horseradish peroxidase-labelled anti-M 13 antibody. In the present study, with the application of synthetic peptides, a 55% and a 33% inhibition was demonstrated using WSLLTPA and YPYIPTL, respectively. Peptide pattern alignment showed two homologous regions for WSLLTPA and one for YPYIPTL inside the Pla sequence. Amino acids were changed for alanine in one of the WSLLTPA regions and in the YPYIPTL region in order to prove the role of the LTP/PTL motifs in laminin binding. Of the four constructed mutants, the triple mutant L65A-T66A-L67A in the WSLLTPA region and the double mutant G178A-L179A in the YPYIPTL region decreased the laminin binding capacity of the Pla-expressing recombinant E. coli by about 50%.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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