Send to

Choose Destination
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2004;44(7-8):489-99.

Biogenic amines in meat and meat products.

Author information

Department of Meat and Fish Science and Technology, Instituto del Frío (CSIC), C/ Jose Antonio Novais 10, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain.


It has been recognized for some time that biogenic amines occur in a wide range of foods, among them meat and meat products. Meat is an important component of the diet in developed countries. The presence of these amines in food is of interest for two reasons: firstly, for toxicological reasons, in the sense that high levels of dietary biogenic amines can be toxic for certain consumers, and secondly, for their role as possible quality indicators. Based on these two premises, the present article offers a new analysis on aspects of toxicology and on the use of biogenic amines as a quality control method, as well as on their presence in meat and meat products. The article focuses particularly on factors affecting the production of biogenic amines, with reference to various parameters relating to microorganisms, meat raw materials, and processing conditions. A better understanding of the factors determining their formation (i.e., microorganisms, raw materials used, and technological processes applied) and their effects could lead to ways of controlling their production, limiting their presence in the end product, and hence, rendering them less toxic.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center