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Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2005 Jul;24(3):296-302.

Absence of human papillomavirus infection in minimal deviation adenocarcinoma and lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi 409-3898, Japan.


The human papillomavirus (HPV) is basically always detected in squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix and its precursors; a high incidence of HPV also has been reported in adenocarcinoma and adenocarcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix. Lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia (LEGH) was first described by Nucci in 1999. It is difficult to differentiate minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) from LEGH preoperatively or postoperatively by clinical and pathologic features. The relationships between HPV and MDA or LEGH have not been studied well because of the rare incidence of the two diseases. To our knowledge, the HPV status in LEGH has not been reported. This study was designed to investigate HPV infection in MDA and LEGH, using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. Tumor tissue lesions were microdissected and the detection of HPV and its typing were analyzed by PCR-based assay. As the control, HPV DNA was detected in all cases of squamous cell carcinoma and three of five cases of adenocarcinoma. However, no HPV DNA was detected in any of the 10 cases of LEGH or in the 3 cases of MDA. These results suggest that MDA and LEGH are probably not related to HPV infection.

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