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Int J Food Microbiol. 2005 Sep 15;103(3):323-30.

Multiple norovirus genotypes characterised from an oyster-associated outbreak of gastroenteritis.

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Enteric, Respiratory and Neurological Virus Laboratory, Specialist and Reference Microbiology Division, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, Colindale, London, NW9 5HT, United Kingdom.


The diversity of norovirus (NV) genotypes was investigated in persons who were ill with acute gastroenteritis associated with the consumption of oysters. Initial results from a commercial enzyme immunoassay (EIA) indicated a mixed NV genogroup I (GI) and II (GII) outbreak. A reverse-transcriptase (RT)-PCR for NVs was applied to nucleic acid extracted from faecal specimens collected from symptomatic cases. Using primers that amplified contiguous sequences in the ORF1/2 region of the NV genome and a hemi-nested PCR derived from this assay, three different GII and two GI NV genotypes were detected and the strains were characterised by DNA sequencing. Using this approach a recombinant NV genotype, rGII-3a (recombinant Harrow/Mexico) the predominant strain identified in several symptomatic cases from the outbreak, was detected and characterised. No other gastroenteric viruses, including rotavirus, astrovirus, sapovirus and adenovirus 40/41 were detected by RT-PCR and PCR.

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