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Biochemistry. 2005 Jun 28;44(25):9197-205.

A truncated Fibrobacter succinogenes 1,3-1,4-beta-d-glucanase with improved enzymatic activity and thermotolerance.

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Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan, ROC.


As an approach to improving Fibrobacter succinogenes 1,3-1,4-beta-d-glucanase (Fsbeta-glucanase) for use in industry and to studying the structure-function relationship of the C-terminus in the enzyme, a C-terminally truncated ( approximately 10 kDa) Fsbeta-glucanase was generated using a PCR-based gene truncation method and then overexpressed in either Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) or Pichia pastoris strain X-33 host cells. The initial rate kinetics, protein folding, and thermostability of the wild-type and truncated glucanases were characterized. The truncated enzyme expressed in Pichia cells was found to be glycosylated and composed of two dominant polypeptide bands as judged by SDS-PAGE. An approximate 3-4-fold increase in the turnover rate (k(cat)), relative to that of the full-length enzyme, was detected for the purified truncated glucanases produced in E. coli (designated TF-glucanase) or Pichia host cells (designated glycosylated TF-glucanase). The glycosylated TF-glucanase is the most active known 1,3-1,4-beta-d-glucanase, with a specific activity of 10 800 +/- 200 units/mg. Similar binding affinities for lichenan (K(m) = 2.5-2.89 mg/mL) were detected for the full-length enzyme, TF-glucanase, and glycosylated TF-glucanase. Both forms of truncated glucanase retained more than 80% of their original enzymatic activity after a 10 min incubation at 90 degrees C, whereas the full-length enzyme possessed only 30% of its original enzymatic activity after the same treatment. This report demonstrates that deletion of the C-terminal region ( approximately 10 kDa) in Fsbeta-glucanase, consisting of serine-rich repeats and a basic terminal domain rich in positively charged amino acids, significantly increases the catalytic efficiency and thermotolerance of the enzyme.

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