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J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2005 May;35(5):273-91.

Current concepts in the recognition and treatment of superior labral (SLAP) lesions.

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Champion Sports Medicine, American Sports Medicine Institute, Birmingham, AL, USA.


Pathology of the superior aspect of the glenoid labrum (SLAP lesion) poses a significant challenge to the rehabilitation specialist due to the complex nature and wide variety of etiological factors associated with these lesions. A thorough clinical evaluation and proper identification of the extent of labral injury is important to determine the most appropriate nonoperative and/or surgical management. Postoperative rehabilitation is based on the specific surgical procedure as well as the extent, location, and mechanism of labral pathology and associated lesions. Emphasis is placed on protecting the healing labrum, while gradually restoring range of motion, strength, and dynamic stability of the glenohumeral joint. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the anatomy and pathomechanics of SLAP lesions and review specific clinical examination techniques used to identify these lesions, including 3 newly described tests. Furthermore, a review of the current surgical management and postoperative rehabilitation guidelines is provided.

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