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Rinsho Byori. 2005 May;53(5):437-45.

[Proteome analysis of autoantibodies in sera of patients with cancer].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

1
Central of Clinical Laboratory, Osaka Medical College Hospital, Takatsuki 569-8686.

Abstract

Circulating autoantibodies are useful diagnostic markers of cancers and autoimmune diseases. Research over the past decade has resulted in some reports on the presence of autoantibodies against disease-related proteins such as annexin-I & II, recoverin and protein gene product 9.5 in the sera of patients with lung cancer, and also against calreticulin and alpha-enolase in autoimmune diseases. In this study, we first identified the a-enolase autoantibody in the sera of patients with lung adenocarcinoma by proteomics-based analysis. The comparison of two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE)/western blot (WB)/ECL detection revealed distinct distributions of antibodies in the sera of lung adenocarcinoma, tuberculosis and healthy subjects which reacted with soluble proteins derived from the adenocarcinoma A549 cell line. We found 16 spots in patients with adenocarcinoma by 2D-PAGE/WB/ECL detection and identified alpha-enolase, chaperonin, and other autoantibodies in the adenocarcinoma patients' sera. The specificities of an antibody against alpha-enolase was preliminarily observed in sera from 3 of 5 patients with adenocarcinoma, 0 of 10 patients with tuberculosis and 0 of 10 healthy subjects. In conclusion, we first identified alpha-enolase autoantibody in sera of lung adenocarcinoma and the autoantibody was seemed to be a specific marker of the lung adenocarcinoma. In addition, we also identified various autoantibodies in esophageal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Moreover, we tried to identify the corresponding antigen of an unknown anti-cytoplasmic autoantibody, and an anti-red blood cell antibody by proteomics-based analysis. These antibodies might become new diagnosis markers.

PMID:
15966408
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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