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Blood. 1992 Jun 15;79(12):3245-52.

Hyperdiploid (47-50) acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children.

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Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105.


Among ploidy groups in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), hyperdiploidy 47 to 50 is perhaps the least well known. From December 1979 to December 1990, we successfully studied banded karyotypes in 598 cases of newly diagnosed ALL, of which 86 (14.4%) had modal chromosome numbers of 47 to 50. In this group, the most frequently acquired numerical abnormalities were +21 (n = 34), +X (18), +8 (8), and +10 (7). The chromosomal regions most often affected by structural abnormalities were 1q (n = 13), 6q (12), 12p (18), and 19p (9). Analysis of event-free survival (EFS) for Studies X and XI among patients with hyperdiploid (47 to 50) ALL showed no significant differences in outcome according to the presence (n = 36) or absence (n = 35) of chromosomal translocations (P = .81) or the gain of specific chromosomes (P = .40). Patients with hyperdiploid (47 to 50) ALL treated in a contemporary program of multiagent chemotherapy had a significantly better outcome than did those in an earlier study using less intensive therapy (4-year EFS = 75% [95% confidence interval, 55% to 86%] v 41% [22% to 59%]; P = .006 by the logrank test). Our findings indicate that the adverse prognosis previously attributed to hyperdiploidy 47 to 50 improves significantly with more effective chemotherapy.

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