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Cell Prolif. 1992 May;25(3):225-31.

Interferon affects cell growth progression by modulating DNA polymerases activity.

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1
Istituto di Morfologia Umana Normale, Chieti, Italy.

Abstract

A multiparametric analysis of the effects of human recombinant interferon alpha type A on Daudi cells involving flow cytometry and in vitro analysis of alpha and beta DNA polymerase activities has been performed. Results have disclosed (within 60 min of interferon treatment) a decrease of alpha polymerase driven DNA synthesis persisting to at least 24 h, while beta polymerase was poorly affected. Moreover, after 24 h of interferon treatment, a reduction of BrdUrd incorporation per cell, assessed by flow cytometry, was observed suggesting that DNA synthesis in S phase cells is almost completely abolished. The analysis of the effect of interferon on the distribution of cell cycle phases indicated that the G1/S transition is not inhibited by the treatment. These results support the hypothesis that interferon generates a transient initiating signal which quickly reaches the nucleus and produces a rapid inhibition of alpha polymerase activity, leading finally to the slowing of cell cycle progression.

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