Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2005 Aug 12;280(32):29256-62. Epub 2005 Jun 17.

Induction of NR4A orphan nuclear receptor expression in macrophages in response to inflammatory stimuli.

Author information

  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.


Oxidized lipids and inflammatory cytokines are believed to play a causal role in atherosclerosis through the regulation of gene expression in macrophages and other cells. Previous work has implicated the nuclear receptors peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor and liver X receptor in the control of lipid-dependent gene expression and inflammation. Here we demonstrate that expression of a third group of nuclear receptors, the NR4A ligand-independent orphan receptors, is highly inducible in macrophages by diverse inflammatory stimuli. Treatment of macrophages with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), cytokines, or oxidized lipids triggers the transcriptional induction of Nur77 (NR4A1), Nurr1 (NR4A2), and NOR1 (NR4A3) expression. Several lines of evidence point to the NF-kappaB signaling pathway as a principal mediator of inducible NR4A expression in macrophages. Analysis of the murine and human Nur77 promoters revealed two highly conserved NF-kappaB response elements. Mutation of these elements inhibited LPS-dependent expression of the Nur77 promoter in transient transfection assays. Furthermore, induction of Nur77 expression by LPS was severely compromised in fibroblasts lacking the three NF-kappaB subunits, Nfkb1, c-Rel, and RelA. Consistent with its ability to be induced by oxidized lipids, Nur77 was expressed in macrophages within human atherosclerotic lesions. These results identified NR4A nuclear receptors as potential transcriptional mediators of inflammatory signals in activated macrophages.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms


Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center