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Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2005 Jun;19(2):367-86, ix.

Nucleic acid amplification tests for gonorrhea and chlamydia: practice and applications.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Diseases, Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1159 Ross Research Building, 720 Rutland Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. cgaydos@jhmi.edu

Abstract

Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs), which are highly sensitive and specific, have provided the ability to use alternative sam-ple types for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Self-collected genital specimens, such as urine or even vaginal swabs, can now be accurately used to diagnose gonorrhea or chlamydia infections. In many cases, use of these sample types can decrease the necessity for a clinician to perform a pelvic examination on women or to collect a urethral swab from men, thus extending the diagnostic capability for detecting these infections to nonclinic screening venues. As most chlamydia infections and many gonorrhea infections are asymptomatic, the use of NAATs for self-collected samples greatly increases the types and numbers of patients that can be screened outside of clinic settings. Self-sampling also allows clinicians to easily screen patients in the clinic for STIs who are not presenting for pelvic or urogenital examinations. The application of NAATs to self-collected specimens has the potential to augment public health programs designed to control the epidemic of STIs in the community.

PMID:
15963877
DOI:
10.1016/j.idc.2005.03.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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