Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Horm Behav. 2005 Nov;48(4):484-91. Epub 2005 Jun 16.

Difficulties and special issues associated with field research in behavioral neuroendocrinology.

Author information

  • 1Dipartimento di Fisiologia, Universit√† di Siena, Via Aldo Moro, 53100 Siena, Italy.


Classical behavioral neuroendocrinology has focused on a limited number of domestic mammals and birds. The model systems used in these studies represent a very small proportion of the diversity of hormone-behavior interactions found in nature. In the last three decades, an increasing number of researchers have concentrated their efforts on studying behavioral neuroendocrinology of wild animals. Field behavioral neuroendocrinology presents a series of challenges ranging from the design of the experiments to sample preservation and transportation. The constraints of field conditions limit the number of factors that can be controlled for and the questions that can be addressed. On the other side, many behaviors can be studied only in the field, and only a few species can be kept in captivity. Thus, field studies are necessary to understand the complexity and variety of interactions between hormones, brain, and behavior. In this article, we will review some of the peculiarities and challenges of field behavioral neuroendocrinology, including solutions for some of the most commonly encountered technical issues.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center