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Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2005 Jul;7(4):277-284.

Neurosyphilis: A Current Review.

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Division of Infectious Diseases, Room 6303, NCB Mailstop 461, Hahnemann University Hospital, Broad and Vine Streets, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA.


Neurosyphilis continues to be a difficult diagnosis for clinicians. The decision to perform a lumbar puncture, interpretation of cerebrospinal fluid findings, clear diagnostic guidelines, establishment of definitive therapy (including alternatives to penicillins), and approach to the follow-up of patients with neurosyphilis are all areas that pose ongoing challenges to clinicians. Coinfection with HIV has also further complicated the already challenging arena of neurosyphilis presentation, diagnosis, and management. Clinicians must recognize the recent changes in the epidemiology of syphilis and know when to initiate appropriate screening. This article highlights the limitations and controversies related to neurosyphilis diagnosis and treatment, and current recommendations on management of patients with neurosyphilis, including those coinfected with HIV.


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