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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2005 Jul;63(1):63-5.

Severe hypoleptinaemia associated with insulin resistance in patients with common variable immunodeficiency.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, State University of Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVI) is a primary immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by impaired production of antibodies and recurrent infections. Delay in diagnosis leads to metabolic wastage and low body weight. Leptin, a hormone produced by white adipose tissue, modulates insulin action by signal transduction cross-talk and by direct action on pancreatic beta-cells. We hypothesized that patients with CVI might present a defective regulation of leptin production and insulin resistance.

PATIENTS:

Thirteen CVI patients (39 +/- 11 years) under gammaglobulin replacement were evaluated in parallel with 13 gender-, age-, body weight- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy voluntaries, and with data from two large population series, the Bruneck and the Hoorn Studies.

MEASUREMENTS:

Serum leptin and insulin levels, homeostasis model assessment - insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), body composition, haematological, biochemical and immunoglobulin measurements were obtained. Data were analysed by a one-way analysis of variance (anova) and by Pearson's rank analysis. The institutional ethics committee approved the study, and informed consent was obtained from patients and controls.

RESULTS:

No differences were found between CVI and the control group when comparing gender distribution, age, body weight, BMI, waist/hip ratio, relative body fat and fasting glucose levels. Leptin levels were lower (P < 0.05) in CVI patients than in controls and lower than fasting leptin levels detected in a large population study. CVI patients' serum leptin levels did not correlate with BMI (r = 0.074, P = 0.8) and their high HOMA-IR indicated insulin resistance.

CONCLUSIONS:

CVI patients are relatively hypoleptinaemic and insulin resistant, and their serum leptin levels are not correlated to their BMI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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