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Braz J Med Biol Res. 2005 Apr;38(4):621-7. Epub 2005 Apr 13.

Subacute effects of a maximal exercise bout on endothelium-mediated vasodilation in healthy subjects.

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Departamento de Fisiologia e Farmacologia, Instituto Biomédico, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Brasil.


We evaluated vascular reactivity after a maximal exercise test in order to determine whether the effect of exercise on the circulation persists even after interruption of the exercise. Eleven healthy sedentary volunteers (six women, age 28 +/- 5 years) were evaluated before and after (10, 60, and 120 min) a maximal exercise test on a treadmill. Forearm blood flow (FBF) was measured by venous occlusion plethysmography before and during reactive hyperemia (RH). Baseline FBF, analyzed by the area under the curve, increased only at 10 min after exercise (P = 0.01). FBF in response to RH increased both at 10 and 60 min vs baseline (P = 0.004). Total excess flow for RH above baseline showed that vascular reactivity was increased up to 60 min after exercise (mean +/- SEM, before: 526.4 +/- 48.8; 10 min: 1053.0 +/- 168.2; 60 min: 659.4 +/- 44.1 ml 100 ml(-1) min(-1) . s; P = 0.01 and 0.02, respectively, vs before exercise). The changes in FBF were due to increased vascular conductance since mean arterial blood pressure did not change. In a time control group (N = 5, 34 +/- 3 years, three women) that did not exercise, FBF and RH did not change significantly (P = 0.07 and 0.7, respectively). These results suggest that the increased vascular reactivity caused by chronic exercise may result, at least in part, from a summation of the subacute effects of successive exercise bouts.

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