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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1992 May;166(5):1412-8.

Infertility and pregnancy outcome in an unselected group of women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Odense University Hospital, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The null hypothesis of this study is that infertility and pregnancy outcomes in women with insulin-dependent diabetes are identical to those of nondiabetic control subjects.

STUDY DESIGN:

A questionnaire survey comprising an unselected population of 18- to 49-year-old diabetic women and a comparable control group was performed. Reply rates were 94% (n = 245) and 88% (n = 253), respectively.

RESULTS:

Cumulative rates of pregnancies and involuntary infertility (17%) did not differ between the two groups. Diabetic women had significantly fewer pregnancies (1.4 vs 1.7) and fewer births per pregnancy than controls, and more diabetic women were nulliparous (48% vs 38%). Half of all diabetic pregnancies were planned. Diabetic women reported that their diabetes had a negative influence on their attitude toward having children.

CONCLUSION:

In insulin-dependent diabetic women the ability to conceive is normal, but diabetic women have fewer pregnancies and fewer births per pregnancy than controls.

PMID:
1595796
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9378(92)91613-f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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