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J Physiol Biochem. 2004 Dec;60(4):265-71.

Creatine supplementation and performance in 6 consecutive 60 meter sprints.

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Depto. de Ciencias Fisiológicas II, Facultad de Medicina (Campus de Bellvitge), (IDIBELL), Universidad de Barcelona, Ctra. Feixa Llarga s./n., 08907 L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain.


Creatine is an ergogenic aid used in individual and team sports. The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of monohydrate creatine supplementation on physical performance during 6 consecutive maximal speed 60 meter races, and the changes induced in some characteristic biochemical and ventilatory parameters. The study was carried out on nineteen healthy and physically active male volunteers, and randomly distributed into two groups: Group C received a supplement of creatine monohydrate (20 g/day for 5 days) and group P received placebo. Tests were performed before and after supplementation. No significant changes were observed in weight or body water measured by bioimpedance or the sum of 7 skinfold or performance during the 60 meter races. Group C showed a statistically significant increase in plasma creatinine from 69.8 +/- 12.4 to 89.3 +/- 12.4 micromol x L(-1) (p<0.05). In group C in the second control day (after creatine supplementation), expiratory volume V(E), O2 uptake and CO2 production were lower after 2 minutes of active recovery period. These results indicate that creatine monohydrate supplementation does not appear to improve the performance in 6 consecutive 60 meter repeated races but may modify ventilatory dynamics during the recovery after maximal effort.

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