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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005 May;1041:211-5.

Insulin-relaxin family peptide signaling and receptors in mouse brain membranes and neuronal cells.

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Howard Florey Institute of Experimental Physiology and Medicine, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia.


Several orphan G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), LGR7 and LGR8, GPCR135 and GPCR142, were recently identified as putative, native receptors for different relaxin-family peptides, and their cell signaling mechanisms were elucidated in stably transfected cell lines. Anatomic studies have demonstrated that discrete populations of neurons in rat brain express relaxin and relaxin-3 mRNA/peptide, relaxin and relaxin-3 binding sites, and LGR7 and GPCR135 mRNAs. Thus, we began to assess the ability of relaxin-family peptides to alter cAMP production in brain and the involvement of the different native receptors. In mouse cortical membranes, a fixed concentration of relaxin peptides (100 nM) inhibited forskolin-induced cAMP production, but further studies in normal and receptor knockout mouse strains are required to assess the specificity of these effects. In addition, whole-cell signaling mechanisms are being investigated in a mouse hypothalamic cell line, GT1-7. Such studies will help to establish the actions of relaxin-family peptides via their different GPCRs in different brain pathways.

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