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J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Jun;43(6):2635-41.

High frequency of gastric colonization with multiple Helicobacter pylori strains in Venezuelan subjects.

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Department of Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.


Multiple Helicobacter pylori strains may colonize an individual host. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and line probe assay (LiPA) techniques, we analyzed the prevalence of mixed H. pylori colonization in 127 subjects from Venezuela, a country of high H. pylori prevalence, from three regions representing different population groups: the Andes (Merida), where Caucasian mestizos predominate, a major city near the coast (Caracas), where Amerindian-Caucasian-African mestizos predominate, and an Amazonian community (Puerto Ayacucho), where Amerindians predominate and mestizos reflect Amerindian and Caucasian ancestry. Among 121 H. pylori-positive persons, the prevalence of cagA-positive strains varied from 50% (Merida) to 86% (Puerto Ayacucho) by LiPA. Rates of mixed colonization also varied, as assessed by LiPA of the vacA s (mean, 49%) and m (mean, 26%) regions. In total, 55% of the individuals had genotypic evidence of mixed colonization. vacA s1c, a marker of Amerindian (East Asian) origin, was present in all three populations, especially from Puerto Ayacucho (86%). These results demonstrate the high prevalence of mixed colonization and indicate that the H. pylori East Asian vacA genotype has survived in all three populations tested.

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