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Mol Cancer Ther. 2005 Jun;4(6):938-47.

Plasma vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin-8 as biomarkers of antitumor efficacy of a prototypical erbB family tyrosine kinase inhibitor.

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  • 1Pfizer Global Research and Development, La Jolla Labs, CA 92121, USA.


CI-1033 (N-[4-[N-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino-7-[3-(4-morpholynyl)propoxy]quinazolin-6-yl]acrylamide, PD 0183805-mesylate salt) was identified as a potent, selective inhibitor of erbB family tyrosine kinases, which are overexpressed in a number of solid tumors and have been shown to be involved in tumor progression. Because objective response of clinical patients to erbB-targeted therapies like CI-1033 has been observed only in a subset of cancer patients that exhibit the intended molecular targets, much emphasis has been placed on the identification of biomarkers of antitumor efficacy. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) were considered as potential biomarkers for CI-1033 due to ease of detection in patient plasma and showed roles in angiogenesis and cancer progression and positive regulation by the erbB receptor family. In the present studies, mice bearing established xenografts (A431 epidermoid carcinoma, H125 non-small cell lung carcinoma, SF767 glioblastoma, and MDA-MB-468 mammary carcinoma) were treated with efficacious and subefficacious doses of CI-1033, and plasma levels and xenograft gene expression of VEGF and IL-8 were evaluated. Oral administration of CI-1033 to tumor-bearing mice at efficacious doses resulted in markedly decreased levels of VEGF and/or IL-8 plasma levels and tumor mRNA levels relative to vehicle-treated control mice in xenograft models that exhibited evaluable levels of these markers. In contrast, subefficacious doses of CI-1033 did not significantly affect VEGF or IL-8 levels in any of the xenograft models. These studies indicate that plasma VEGF and IL-8 may have use as biomarkers of antitumor efficacy for epidermal growth factor receptor/erbB-targeted therapies such as CI-1033 and suggest that further clinical study of these markers in cancer patients are warranted.

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