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Theriogenology. 2005 Jul 15;64(2):363-77.

The effect of gamete co-incubation time during in vitro fertilization with frozen-thawed unsorted and sex-sorted ram spermatozoa on the development of in vitro matured adult and prepubertal ewe oocytes.

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1
Centre for Advanced Technologies in Animal Genetics and Reproduction (ReproGen), Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. kmorton@vetsci.usyd.edu.au

Abstract

In vitro matured adult (Experiment 1) and prepubertal (Experiment 2) ewe oocytes were co-incubated with unsorted or sex-sorted frozen-thawed spermatozoa for 2 to 3 h (short) or 18 to 20 h (long) to determine the effects of reducing the gamete co-incubation time during IVF on subsequent embryonic development in vitro. For oocytes derived from adult ewes, there were no differences in oocyte fertilization and cleavage at 24 h post insemination (hpi) between types of spermatozoa or co-incubation times (P > 0.05). By 48 hpi, oocyte cleavage was higher after a short (390/602, 64.8%) compared with a long (381/617, 61.7%) co-incubation (P < 0.05), and was not significantly different for unsorted (266/372, 71.5%) and sex-sorted (505/849, 59.9%) spermatozoa. Blastocyst formation from cleaved oocytes was similar for unsorted (150/266, 56.4%) and sex-sorted (295/505, 58.4%) spermatozoa, but was higher after a short (240/390, 61.5%) than long (205/381, 53.8%) co-incubation (P < 0.05). Oocyte development to the blastocyst stage was not different for unsorted (150/372; 40.3%) and sex-sorted (295/847; 34.8%) spermatozoa but was significantly increased by a short (240/602, 39.9%) compared with a long (205/617, 33.2%) co-incubation. Fertilization of oocytes from prepubertal ewes was similar for types of spermatozoa and for duration of co-incubation. Oocyte cleavage (48 hpi) was similar for a short (241/377, 63.9%) and long (226/349, 64.8%) co-incubation with unsorted spermatozoa, but was increased (P < 0.05) by a long co-incubation (286/500, 57.2% versus 163/517, 31.5%) with sex-sorted spermatozoa. Blastocyst formation from cleaved oocytes was similar for unsorted (230/467, 49.3%) and sex-sorted (186/449, 41.4%) spermatozoa, and a short (200/404, 49.5%) or long (216/512, 42.1%) co-incubation. However, oocyte development to the blastocyst stage was higher (P < 0.05) after IVF with unsorted (230/726, 37.1%) than sex-sorted (186/1017, 18.3%) spermatozoa. Reducing the duration of gamete co-incubation did not deleteriously affect the in vitro development of adult and prepubertal ewe derived oocytes after IVF with unsorted and sex-sorted spermatozoa. In general, sex-sorting had no substantial influence on fertilization and embryo development rates.

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