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J Neurochem. 2005 Jul;94(1):15-21.

Binding of soluble myelin-associated glycoprotein to specific gangliosides induces the association of p75NTR to lipid rafts and signal transduction.

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1
Department of Neurobiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Inohana, Chuo-ku, Japan.

Abstract

Myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) is a potent inhibitor of neurite outgrowth from a variety of neurons. Here we show that gangliosides, GT1b and GD1a, as well as the Nogo receptor, are functional binding partners for soluble MAG-Fc. Postnatal cerebellar neurons from mice deficient in the GalNAcT gene are insensitive to MAG with regard to neurite outgrowth and lack in the activation of RhoA. MAG-Fc or the antibody to GT1b and GD1a elicits recruitment of p75(NTR.) to lipid rafts, specialized microdomain for signal transduction. Disruption of lipid rafts results in abolishment of inhibitory effects of MAG-Fc and the Nogo peptide. These findings establish gangliosides as functional binding partners for soluble MAG. Gangliosides may play a role in translocation of p75(NTR.) to lipid rafts for initiation of the signal transduction.

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