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Br J Haematol. 2005 Jun;129(6):839-46.

Red cell pyruvate kinase deficiency: 17 new mutations of the PK-LR gene.

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1
Dipartimento di Ematologia, IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Erratum in

  • Br J Haematol. 2005 Sep;130(6):973.

Abstract

The PK-LR gene was studied in 23 patients with congenital haemolytic anaemia associated with erythrocyte pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency. Twenty-seven different mutations were detected among the 42 mutated alleles identified: 19 missense mutations, four splice site mutations and one nonsense, one single base deletion and two large deletions. Seventeen of them (107G, 278T, 403T, 409A, 661A, 859C, 958A, 1094T, 1190T, 1209A, 1232C, 1369G, 507A, IVS9 -1c, IVS9 +43c [corrected] del C224, del 5006bp IVS3--> nt 1431) were new. Although all the exons, the flanking regions and the promoter were sequenced in all cases, we failed to detect the second expected mutation in four subjects. To correlate genotype to phenotype, the molecular results were related to the biochemical properties of the mutant enzymes by an analysis of the three-dimensional structure of erythrocyte PK. The new mutant 409A, found in association with the large deletion of 5006 bp in a newborn baby who died soon after birth, was functionally characterized by mutagenesis and in vitro expression of the protein to investigate its contribution in the severity of the clinical pattern. However, the biochemical data obtained for the mutant enzyme cannot explain the severe anaemia found in the PK-deficient patient hemizygous for this mutation.

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