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Addict Behav. 2006 Mar;31(3):388-98. Epub 2005 Jun 13.

Social anxiety, alcohol expectancies, and self-efficacy as predictors of heavy drinking in college students.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, La Salle University 1900, W. Olney Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA.

Abstract

Burke and Stephens (1999) [Burke, R.S., Stephens, R.S. Social anxiety and drinking in college students: A social cognitive theory analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 19, (1999) 513-530.] proposed a social cognitive theory of heavy drinking in college students. According to this theory, alcohol expectancies for social facilitation and self-efficacy for refusing heavy drinking in anxiety-producing social situations moderate the relationship between social anxiety and drinking. In the current study, a significant three-way interaction was observed among social anxiety, expectancies, and self-efficacy when amount and frequency of drinking was the dependent variable. As predicted by the model, socially anxious college students with low self-efficacy for avoiding heavy drinking in social situations and high positive expectancies for social facilitation reported more alcohol consumption than other socially anxious individuals.

PMID:
15951128
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.05.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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