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Neurosci Lett. 2005 Sep 2;385(1):58-63.

D-Serine uptake by isolated retinas is consistent with ASCT-mediated transport.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Minnesota, 207 Pleasant Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.


Uptake of the neuromodulator D-serine by isolated larval tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) retinas was measured using capillary electrophoresis (CE). Excised retinas were incubated in Ringer's solution in the presence of 5 microM D-serine. The supernatant was removed after 30 min, mixed with 4-fluoro-7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole (NBD-F) to fluorescently label amines and analyzed using CE. Significant D-serine uptake was observed over a period of 1.5h. This is the first observation of D-serine uptake by an intact retinal tissue. D-Serine uptake in the retina was Na(+)-dependent and blocked by l-alanine, l-threonine, and l-cysteine. This pharmacology is consistent with the sodium dependent heteroexchange expected of system ASC-type transporters.

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