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Neurobiol Aging. 2006 Mar;27(3):423-32. Epub 2005 Jun 13.

Pathogenic accumulation of APP in fast twitch muscle of IBM patients and a transgenic model.

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1
Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, 1109 Gillespie Neuroscience Facility, Irvine, CA 92697-4545, USA.

Abstract

Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is the most common age-related degenerative skeletal muscle disorder. The aberrant intracellular accumulation of the beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide within skeletal muscle is a pathological hallmark of IBM. Skeletal muscle is comprised of both slow and fast twitch fibers, which are present in different proportions in various muscles. It remains unclear if fast and/or slow twitch fibers are differentially involved in IBM pathogenesis. To better understand the molecular pathogenesis of IBM, we analyzed human IBM muscle biopsies and muscle from a transgenic mouse model of IBM (MCK-betaAPP). Here we report that the majority of histopathologically-affected fibers in human IBM biopsies were type II fast fibers. Skeletal muscle from MCK-betaAPP mice exhibited higher transgene expression and steady-state levels of human betaAPP in fast type IIB fibers compared to slow type I fibers. These findings indicate that fast twitch fibers may selectively accumulate and be more vulnerable to betaAPP- and Abeta-mediated damage in IBM. These findings also highlight parallels between the MCK-betaAPP mice and the human IBM condition.

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