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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005 Jul 10;1744(3):316-24.

Microtubule plus ends, motors, and traffic of Golgi membranes.

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Department of Biological Sciences, P.O. Box 369, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA.


The intimate link between microtubule (MT) organization and the components of the secretory pathway has suggested that MT-based motility is an essential component of vesicular membrane transport and membrane polarization. The molecular details of these processes are still under investigation; however, a novel class of MT plus end-binding proteins shed new light on transport between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus. The dynactin complex, an initial member of this family, shares localization and live-cell imaging phenotypes with other plus end-binding proteins such as CLIP-170 and EB1. In addition, dynactin has been shown to mediate the binding of ER-Golgi transport vesicles to MTs through a regulated MT-binding motif in p150(Glued). Whereas the plus end-binding activity of CLIP-170 and EB1 has been linked to the regulation of dynamic instability, the plus end binding of dynactin is implicated in a search-capture mechanism for dynein-dependent cargoes. An examination of dynactin's role in ER-Golgi transport suggests that plus end binding could be a reflection of fundamental membrane transport mechanisms.

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