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Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2005 Sep;69(9):1161-7.

Management of pediatric hemoptysis: review and a case of isolated unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology, Upstate Medical University, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Management of hemoptysis in the pediatric patient requires an otolaryngologist knowledgeable and skilled in the causes and management of this potentially life-threatening condition. This paper will discuss the management of pediatric hemoptysis by the otolaryngologist through an index case of massive hemoptysis seen in a child with isolated unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis (IUPAA).

STUDY DESIGN:

Literature review and index case.

METHODS:

Through a Medline search and the experience of the author (A.J.M.), we reviewed the causes and treatment options for hemoptysis in the pediatric patient.

RESULTS:

Management of hemoptysis by the otolaryngologist requires prompt diagnosis and patient stabilization. This allows the patient access to multiple treatment options which may include diagnostic or therapeutic bronchoscopy, angiography with embolization, and surgical intervention such as resection or revascularization. IUPAA is an unusual, and potentially life-threatening cause of hemoptysis in the pediatric patient.

CONCLUSION:

Hemoptysis in the pediatric patient requires prompt and thorough evaluation and treatment. An approach for the management of pediatric hemoptysis, including massive hemoptysis, is described.

PMID:
15950292
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijporl.2005.04.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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