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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Jul 29;333(2):463-9.

Tandem repeat L-rhamnose-binding lectin from the skin mucus of ponyfish, Leiognathus nuchalis.

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Fisheries Laboratory, The University of Tokyo, Maisaka, Shizuoka 431-0211, Japan.


Two lactose-binding lectins (PFL-1 and -2) were identified in the skin mucus of ponyfish, Leiognathus nuchalis. The molecular masses of PFL-1 and -2 were estimated to be 24 and 30kDa, respectively. Cloning of the PFL-1 cDNA demonstrated its unique tandem repeat structure composed of two homologous domains with 41.7% internal identity. Furthermore, PFL-1 exhibited homology with L-rhamnose-binding lectins previously purified from the eggs of fish and sea urchins. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of PFL-2 was similar to that of PFL-1, suggesting that this protein is an isotype of PFL-1. The PFL-1 gene was expressed in the skin, an important line of defense against pathogens in fish, but was not expressed in any of the other tissues tested here. PFL-1 is the fourth type of fish skin mucus lectin to be identified, suggesting that different species of fish express different types of lectin in their skin mucus.

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