Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2005 Jun;99(4):403-11.

Electrocardiographic changes and myocarditis in trichinellosis: a retrospective study of 154 patients.

Author information

University Hospital for Infectious Diseases Dr Fran Mihaljević, Zagreb, Croatia.


The frequencies of electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities and myocarditis were determined, retrospectively, among 154 cases of trichinellosis [101 males and 53 females, with a mean (S.D.) age of 35.60 (14.64) years] who were hospitalized at the University Hospital for Infectious Diseases in Zagreb, Croatia, over a 5-year period. Eighty-seven (56%) of the patients, most of them in the invasive phase of infection with Trichinella spiralis, were found to have abnormalities when examined by 12-lead, resting electrocardiography. The ECG disorder most frequently observed was a non-specific ventricular repolarization disturbance (with ST-T wave changes), followed by bundle-branch conduction disturbances, and sinus tachycardia. The other ECG disorders recorded, during various phases of the infection, were sinus bradycardia, right bundle-branch block, supraventricular and ventricular extrasystoles, low-voltage QRS complexes in standard limb leads, first-degree atrio-ventricular block, and atrial fibrillation. Eighteen (12%) of the patients were identified as cases of myocarditis (13 in the invasive phase and five in the convalescent) and two (1.3%) as cases of myopericarditis. One patient developed acute myocardial infarction 28 days after the onset of disease and died soon thereafter; an autopsy revealed multiple necroses and fibroses of the myocardium and thrombus of a coronary artery. Although ECG abnormalities appear to be a common feature of trichinellosis, especially during the invasive phase of the disease, they are rarely associated with a poor prognosis. A transient, non-specific, ventricular-repolarization disturbance is the abnormality most commonly observed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center