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Eur J Clin Invest. 2005 Jun;35(6):355-61.

Left atrial systolic reserve in idiopathic vs. ischaemic-dilated cardiomyopathy.

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1
Laico General Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

There are studies indicating more pronounced left atrial (LA) systolic dysfunction at rest in idiopathic (IDDC) than in ischaemic-dilated cardiomyopathy (ISDC). It was hypothesized that the findings would be similar with regards LA systolic reserve.

METHODS:

Twenty-six patients with IDDC, 28 with ISDC and 25 normal controls underwent low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (5-10 microg kg(-1) min(-1) IV). Left atrial volumes were echocardiographically determined at rest and during stress at the mitral valve opening (maximal, Vmax), electrocardiographic P wave (onset of atrial systole, Vp) and mitral valve closure (minimal, Vmin) from the apical 4- and 2-chamber views (biplane area-length method). Left atrial systolic function was assessed with the LA-active emptying volume (ACTEV) = Vp-Vmin and fraction (ACTEF) = ACTEV/Vp.

RESULTS:

Vmax at rest was similar in IDDC and ISDC and greater than in the controls (54.2 +/- 12 vs. 48.5 +/- 18 vs. 27.1 +/- 6.3 cm(3) m(-2), respectively, P < 0.001) and did not change with stress (53.9 +/- 13.8 vs. 46.9 +/- 16.2 vs. 25.8 +/- 5.9 cm(3) m(-2), P < 0.001). The ACTEV at rest was similar in IDDC and ISDC and greater than in the controls (8.6 +/- 3.5 vs. 9.7 +/- 2.9 vs. 6.1 +/- 2.2 cm(3) m(-2) P < 0.01), whereas during the dobutamine infusion it remained unaltered in IDDC (10.8 +/- 4.6 cm(3) m(-2), P = NS vs. rest) and increased in ISDC (11.8 +/- 3.3 cm(3) m(-2), P < 0.05) and the controls (13.1 +/- 3.2 cm(3) m(-2), P < 0.01). The ACTEF was lower in IDDC than ISDC and the controls at rest (20 +/- 10% vs. 33 +/- 8% vs. 36 +/- 10%, P < 0.01). Dobutamine infusion was associated with no significant increase in ACTEF in IDDC (25 +/- 12%, P = NS vs. rest), and with an increase in this variable in ISDC (39 +/- 10%, P < 0.05) and the controls (49 +/- 12%, P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Dobutamine infusion is associated with an increase in LA ACTEV and fraction in ISDC and no significant change in these indices in IDDC. These findings indicate a reduced LA systolic reserve in IDDC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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