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Transpl Int. 2005 Jul;18(7):806-10.

Cyclosporine dose reduction in stable renal transplant patients with high C2 level: simplified method of single C2 measurement and individualization of C0 target.

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1
Renal Transplant Unit, University Hospitals of Coventry and Warwickshire, Coventry CV2 2DX, UK.

Abstract

It is recommended that cyclosporine dosing should be based on the whole blood level 2 h after a dose (C2), not the trough level (C0). Initial studies did not however establish the outcome of dosing according to C2 levels in long-term patients previously managed by C0 levels. C0 and C2 were measured in 152 stable patients receiving Neoral therapy, mean 86.9 months after transplantation. This showed that 38 (25%) had C2 levels above a target range of 700-900 microg/l. Higher C2 levels were associated with higher cholesterol levels (P = 0.0058) and higher diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.0163). Cyclosporine dose reduction was undertaken in 32 patients with high C2 levels. For logistical reasons, C2 was not performed regularly, but an individualized C0 level was set for each patient. A 16% reduction in mean cyclosporine dose was achieved, associated with a 28% fall in mean C0, from 212 to 153 microg/l, and a 25% fall in mean C2, from 1075 to 820 microg/l. There was no excess in adverse events in the dose reduction cohort, compared with patients with initial C2 levels <900 microg/l. Over a mean 15 month follow-up period in the dose reduction cohort, there was a 4.4% reduction in mean diastolic blood pressure, from 84.9 (SEM 2.1) to 80.2 (1.9) mmHg, P = 0.023; and a 10.4% reduction in mean cholesterol, from 5.71 (0.27) to 5.11 (0.25), P = 0.005 (patients starting on statin during follow-up excluded). In patients with initial C2 <900 microg/l, blood pressure did not fall and the cholesterol fell by 3.9%, from 5.27 (0.14) to 5.07 (0.15) mmol/l (P = 0.0405). In conclusion, cyclosporine dose reduction was safe in stable long-term renal allograft recipients with high C2 levels. There was an improvement cholesterol levels and a small improvement in blood pressure after cyclosporine dose reduction.

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