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New Phytol. 2005 Jul;167(1):113-27.

Genetic architecture of qualitative and quantitative Melampsora larici-populina leaf rust resistance in hybrid poplar: genetic mapping and QTL detection.

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Unité Amélioration, Génétique et Physiologie Forestières, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-45166 Olivet Cedex, France.


In order to elucidate the genetic control of resistance to Melampsora larici-populina leaf rust in hybrid poplars, a Populus deltoides x P. trichocarpa F(1) progeny was analysed for qualitative and quantitative rust resistances. This progeny was evaluated for three components of quantitative resistance (latent period, uredinia number and uredinia size) to seven M. larici-populina strains in controlled conditions, and for one component of field susceptibility (rust colonization on the most infected leaf). One qualitative resistance locus inherited from P. deltoides, R(1), was localized on the genetic map. It segregates 1 : 1 in the F(1) progeny and is effective against four of the studied strains. QTL analysis was performed separately on R(1) and r(1) genotype subsets. An additional detection was conducted on the entire F(1) progeny for the three strains able to overcome R(1) and for MAX2. A total of nine QTLs were detected. Two had large, broad-spectrum effects. One (R(US)) is inherited from the P. trichocarpa parent; the other is inherited from P. deltoides and colocalized with R(1). Seven QTLs had only limited and specific effects. Significant interaction effects were detected mainly between the two major QTLs. Implications of these results for durable resistance breeding strategies, and possible benefits from the Populus genome sequence, are discussed.

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