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Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2005 Jun;9(3):561-70.

Targeting novel antigens for prostate cancer treatment: focus on prostate-specific membrane antigen.

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Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA.


Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a relatively omnipresent, but unique Type II dimeric transmembrane protein with a multiplicity of functions and has been shown to be a reasonable target for immunological approaches such as vaccines or more directed therapy with radioactively labelled monoclonal antibodies against PSMA. Given the abundance of various glycoprotein and carbohydrate antigens expressed on the surface of prostate cancer cells and cell lines, PSMA stands out as another 'self' antigen which is not only expressed on cancer cells, but on neovasculature. Although vaccines are varied in their design and target goal, recent technology has afforded researchers the opportunity to induce recruitment of multiple effector cell populations, cytokines and factors which can elicit both cellular and humoral responses. This review serves to present unique approaches in vaccine development which can induce immunological responsiveness with potential impact on disease progression and to introduce PSMA as a potential target for multimodality therapies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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